"INTERESSANTER" ODER "MEHR INTERESSANT"


FORMING THE KOMPARATIV AND SUPERLATIV


 

A. Forming the Komparativ

Category 1

Most adjectives form the comparative in the following manner. Can you determine the rule? It's very simple, really.

Positiv   Komparativ
neu ==> neuer
laut ==> lauter
billig ==> billiger
höflich ==> höflicher
schwer ==> schwerer
interessant ==> interessanter

Click below to see if you have got the rule right.

Rule for the Komparativ

Important:
The comparative is never formed by adding "more" to the adjective. "More interesting" is in German "interessanter", never "mehr interessant"!


Category 2

A number of adjectives form the comparative in the following manner. Try to work out the rule as well.

Positiv   Komparativ
kalt ==> kälter
kurz ==> kürzer
lang ==> länger
arm ==> ärmer
klug ==> klüger
gesund ==> gesünder

Click below to see if you have got the rule right.

Rule for the Komparativ

Note:
Adjectives in this category are mostly monosyllabic (i.e. consisting of only one syllable). "gesund" is an exception.


B. Forming the Superlativ

Category 1

All adjectives in the category 1 above form the superlativ. What is the rule?

Positiv   Komparativ   Superlativ
neu ==> neuer ==> am neuesten
laut ==> lauter ==> am lautesten
billig ==> billiger ==> am billigsten
höflich ==> höflicher ==> am höflichsten
schwer ==> schwerer ==> am schwersten
interessant ==> interessanter ==> am interessantesten

Click below to see if you have got the rule right.

Rule for the Superlativ

Important:
The comparative is never formed by adding "most" to the adjective. "Most interesting" is in German "am interessantesten", never "mehr interessant"!

Note:
For adjectives ending with "t", "d", "z", "sch", an "e" is always added to aid the pronunciation. For example, "laut" ==> "am lautesten".


Category 2

Adjectives in the category 2 form the superlative in the following manner. Determine the rule.

Positiv   Komparativ   Superlativ
kalt ==> kälter ==> am kältesten
kurz ==> kürzer ==> am kürzesten
lang ==> länger ==> am längsten
arm ==> ärmer ==> am ärmsten
klug ==> klüger ==> am klügsten
gesund ==> gesünder ==> am gesündesten

Click below to see if you have got the rule right.

Rule for the Superlativ


C. Irregular Adjectives

As usual, there are always adjectives which are irregular in the formation of the comparative and superlative. The following are some of these irregular comparative and superlative forms, some of which you have already encountered:

Positiv   Komparativ   Superlativ
gut ==> besser ==> am besten
gern ==> lieber ==> am liebsten
viel ==> mehr ==> am meisten
nah ==> näher ==> am nächsten

Do you know any other adjectives that are irregular in the comparative and superlative? You can refer to German Elementary Grammar (Kars/Häussermann) for a more complete list.

 

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